A control system based on multiple sensors is proposed for the safe collaboration of a robot with a human. New constrained and contactless human-robot coordinated motion tasks are defined to control the robot end-effector so as to maintain a desired relative position to the human head while pointing at it. Simultaneously, the robot avoids any collision with the operator and with nearby static or dynamic obstacles, based on distance compu- tations performed in the depth space of a RGB-D sensor. The various tasks are organized with priorities and executed under hard joint bounds using the Saturation in the Null Space (SNS) algorithm. A direct human-robot communication is integrated within a mixed reality interface using a stereo camera and an augmented reality system. The proposed system is significant for on-line, collaborative quality assessment phases in a manu- facturing process. Various experimental validation scenarios using a 7-dof KUKA LWR4 robot are presented.
2020, ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, Pages - (volume: 67)
Human-robot contactless collaboration with mixed reality interface (01a Articolo in rivista)
Khatib Maram, Al Khudir Khaled, De Luca Alessandro
Gruppo di ricerca: Robotics