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Corticomuscular and Intermuscular Coupling in Simple Hand Movements to Enable a Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface (01a Articolo in rivista)

Colamarino Emma, de Seta Valeria, Masciullo Marcella, Cincotti Febo, Mattia Donatella, Pichiorri Floriana, Toppi Jlenia

Hybrid Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) for upper limb rehabilitation after stroke should enable the reinforcement of "more normal" brain and muscular activity. Here, we propose the combination of corticomuscular coherence (CMC) and intermuscular coherence (IMC) as control features for a novel hybrid BCI for rehabilitation purposes. Multiple electroencephalographic (EEG) signals and surface electromyography (EMG) from 5 muscles per side were collected in 20 healthy participants performing finger extension (Ext) and grasping (Grasp) with both dominant and non-dominant hand. Grand average of CMC and IMC patterns showed a bilateral sensorimotor area as well as multiple muscles involvement. CMC and IMC values were used as features to classify each task versus rest and Ext versus Grasp. We demonstrated that a combination of CMC and IMC features allows for classification of both movements versus rest with better performance (Area Under the receiver operating characteristic Curve, AUC) for the Ext movement (0.97) with respect to Grasp (0.88). Classification of Ext versus Grasp also showed high performances (0.99). All in all, these preliminary findings indicate that the combination of CMC and IMC could provide for a comprehensive framework for simple hand movements to eventually be employed in a hybrid BCI system for post-stroke rehabilitation.
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