The MRI of the prostate is the gold standard for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). Nonetheless, MRI still misses around 11% of clinically significant disease. The aim was to comprehensively integrate tissue and circulating microRNA profiling, MRI biomarkers and clinical data to implement PCa early detection. In this prospective cohort study, 76 biopsy naïve patients underwent MRI and MRI directed biopsy. A sentinel sample of 15 patients was selected for a pilot molecular analysis. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis was applied to identify the microRNAs drivers of csPCa. MicroRNA-target gene interaction maps were constructed, and enrichment analysis performed. The ANOVA on ranks test and ROC analysis were performed for statistics. Disease status was associated with the underexpression of the miRNA profiled; a correlation was found with ADC (r = -0.51, p = 0.02) and normalized ADC values (r = -0.64, p = 0.002). The overexpression of miRNAs from plasma was associated with csPCa (r = 0.72; p = 0.02), and with PI-RADS assessment score (r = 0.73; p = 0.02); a linear correlation was found with biomarkers of diffusion and perfusion. Among the 800 profiled microRNA, eleven were identified as correlating with PCa, among which miR-548a-3p, miR-138-5p and miR-520d-3p were confirmed using the RT-qPCR approach on an additional cohort of ten subjects. ROC analysis showed an accuracy of >90%. Provided an additional validation set of the identified miRNAs on a larger cohort, we propose a diagnostic paradigm shift that sees molecular data and MRI biomarkers as the prebiopsy triage of patients at risk for PCa. This approach will allow for accurate patient allocation to biopsy, and for stratification into risk group categories, reducing overdiagnosis and overtreatment.
2021, BIOMEDICINES, Pages - (volume: 9)
Network analysis integrating microRNA expression profiling with MRI biomarkers and clinical data for prostate cancer early detection: a proof of concept study (01a Articolo in rivista)
Panebianco Valeria, Paci Paola, Pecoraro Martina, Conte Federica, Carnicelli Giorgia, Besharat Zein Mersini, Catanzaro Giuseppina, Splendiani Elena, Sciarra Alessandro, Farina Lorenzo, Catalano Carlo, Ferretti Elisabetta
Gruppo di ricerca: Bioengineering and Bioinformatics