Talk: Panning for insights in medicine and beyond: New frontiers in machine learning interpretability
Abstract: Medicine has the potential to be transformed by machine learning (ML) by addressing core challenges such as time-series forecasts, clustering (phenotyping), and heterogeneous treatment effect estimation. However, to be embraced by clinicians and patients, ML approaches need to be interpretable. So far though, ML interpretability has been largely confined to explaining static predictions.
In this keynote, I describe an extensive new framework for ML interpretability. This framework allows us to 1) interpret ML methods for time-series forecasting, clustering (phenotyping), and heterogeneous treatment effect estimation using feature and example-based explanations, 2) provide personalized explanations of ML methods with reference to a set of examples freely selected by the user, and 3) unravel the underlying governing equations of medicine from data, enabling scientists to make new discoveries.
Mihaela van der Schaar is the John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Medicine at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow at The Alan Turing Institute in London. In addition to leading the van der Schaar Lab, Mihaela is founder and director of the Cambridge Centre for AI in Medicine(CCAIM).
Mihaela was elected IEEE Fellow in 2009. She has received numerous awards, including the Oon Prize on Preventative Medicine from the University of Cambridge (2018), a National Science Foundation CAREER Award (2004), 3 IBM Faculty Awards, the IBM Exploratory Stream Analytics Innovation Award, the Philips Make a Difference Award and several best paper awards, including the IEEE Darlington Award.
Mihaela is personally credited as inventor on 35 USA patents (the majority of which are listed here), many of which are still frequently cited and adopted in standards. She has made over 45 contributions to international standards for which she received 3 ISO Awards. In 2019, a Nesta report determined that Mihaela was the most-cited female AI researcher in the U.K.