Educational Institutions data constitute the basis for several important analyses on the educational systems; however they often contain not negligible shares of missing values, for several reasons. We consider in this work the relevant case of the European Tertiary Education Register (ETER), describing the Educational Institutions of Europe. The presence of missing values prevents the full exploitation of this database, since several types of analyses that could be performed are currently impracticable. The imputation of artificial data, reconstructed with the aim of being statistically equivalent to the (unknown) missing data, would allow to overcome these problems. A main complication in the imputation of this type of data is given by the correlations that exist among all the variables. We propose several imputation techniques designed to deal with the different types of missing values appearing in these interconnected data. We use these techniques to impute the database. Moreover, we evaluate the accuracy of the proposed approach by artificially introducing missing data, by imputing them, and by comparing imputed and original values. Results show that the information reconstruction does not introduce statistically significant changes in the data and that the imputed values are close enough to the original values.
2020, KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS, Pages 106512-
Imputation techniques for the reconstruction of missing interconnected data from higher Educational Institutions (01a Articolo in rivista)
Bruni R., Daraio C., Aureli D.
Gruppo di ricerca: Combinatorial Optimization