The paper investigates the Lattice Agreement (LA) problem in asynchronous systems. In LA each process proposes an element e from a predetermined lattice, and has to decide on an element e′ of the lattice such that e ≤ e′. Moreover, decisions of different processes have to be comparable (no two processes can decide two elements e′ and e such that (e ≰ e′) ∧ (e′ ≰ e)).It has been shown that Generalized LA (i.e., a version of LA proposing and deciding on sequences of values) can be used to build a Replicated State Machine (RSM) with commutative update operations. The key advantage of LA and Generalized LA is that they can be solved in asynchronous systems prone to crash-failures (which is not the case with standard Consensus).In this paper we assume Byzantine failures. We propose the Wait Till Safe (WTS) algorithm for LA, and we show that its resilience to f ≤ (n − 1)/3 Byzantine processes is optimal. We then generalize WTS obtaining a Generalized LA algorithm, namely GWTS. We use GWTS to build a RSM with commutative updates. Our RSM works in asynchronous systems and tolerates f ≤ (n − 1)/3 malicious entities. All our algorithms use the minimal assumption of authenticated channels. When the more powerful public signatures are available, we discuss how to improve the message complexity of our results (from quadratic to linear, when f=O(1)). To the best of our knowledge this is the first paper proposing a solution for Byzantine LA that works on any possible lattice, and it is the first work proposing a Byzantine tolerant RSM built on it.
2020, Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS), Pages 674-683
Byzantine Generalized Lattice Agreement (04b Atto di convegno in volume)
Di Luna Giuseppe Antonio, Anceaume Emmanuelle, Querzoni Leonardo
Gruppo di ricerca: Distributed Systems